Needed material: 5ml EDTA blood
We test Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) and Dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (DDE).
DDT was the first insecticide developed in the 1940s. The peak year for use in the United States was 1959 when nearly 80 million pounds were applied. From that high point, usage declined steadily to about 13 million pounds in 1971, most of it applied to cotton. It was used worldwide for insect control among humans, homes and institutions, for animals, crops and gardens. Due to its adverse effects on the environment, on animals and humans, the EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) issued a ban for DDT in 1972. In 1996, restrictions to limit DDT were enacted globally, but in 2006, WHO (World Health Organization) recommended its use again for indoor spray programs to combat malaria. The general use of the pesticide DDT will no longer be legal in the United States and European countries.
Organochlorines such as DDT are extremely persistent and accumulate in tissue. There is substantial evidence suggesting that DDT and its metabolite DDE act as endocrine disruptors, interfering with hormonal function.
Sri Lanka - Thousands of people in the Asian island nation of Sri Lanka have been struck by a mysterious and deadly form of kidney disease. A new study points to a likely cause - pesticides and fertilisers.
Needed material: 10ml Urine
Glyphosate is one of the most widely used pesticides marketed by the Monsanto Group since 1974. It is sold under the brand name Roundup. Glyphosate is a broad-spectrum herbicide and is non-specific to many plant species. It is used in agriculture and by private users to kill weeds or competing crops.
105 glyphosate-containing weed killers are approved on the market. As of December 2017, 51 products are sold and distributed via internet or in garden centers to home owners and gardeners. In 2014, 95 tons of glyphosate landed in German homes and gardens.
According to §12 of the German Plant Protection Act, application is limited to areas of forestry, agriculture or horticulture and the sprays must not be applied on sealed surfaces such as garage door entrances, sidewalks, squares or schoolyards, or in the immediate vicinity of water. Nevertheless, such illegal applications are widespread, as many private users are poorly or very poorly advised on the use and toxicity of the agent.
Prevalence of asthma increases with increasing dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (DDE) levels
Needed Material: 5ml Heparin blood
Lindane (gamma-hexachlorocyclohexane) kills insects on contact or as a stomach poison when ingested. It was first produced in the US in the 1950s. It was used to kill insects and parasites such as fleas, ticks and lice. Besides its agricultural uses, Lindane was used in forestry for wood and timber protection, and as a household insecticide.
In 1985, Lindane was classified as a Restricted Use Pesticide.
Lindane long persists in the environment, and tends to bio-accumulate along food chains. It kills insects by overstimulating the central nervous system. Human poisonings have been reported and the WHO has listed it as 'moderately hazardous'. Among the chronic health effects are nervous disorders and increased liver weight. Children are significantly more susceptible to the toxic effects of Lindane.
Needed material: 10ml Urine
The Pyrethroid-Metabolites are tested:
Needed material: 5ml Heparin blood
Pyrethroids are widely used for moth production in wool carpets. Chronic exposure results are an increased urinary excretion.